English language Origin, History, Characteristics. Phonology. British Received Pronunciation RP, traditionally defined as the standard speech used in London and southeastern England, is one of many forms or accents of standard speech throughout the English speaking world. Other pronunciations, although not standard, are often heard in the public domain. A very small percentage of the population of England is estimated to use pure RP although the actual percentage is as unknown as what constitutes pure RP. It is considered the prestige accent in such institutions as the civil service and the BBC and, as such, has fraught associations with wealth and privilege in Britain. Chess is a board game for two players. It is played in a square board, made of 64 smaller squares, with eight squares on each side. Each player starts with sixteen. This article is in need of episode references to confirm its validity. Please help Encyclopedia SpongeBobia by adding sources. Please remove this message when finished. Buy chess software from the developers of Houdini 5 Aquarium 2017 and Chess Assistant 17, play chess online, watch tournament broadcasts live, access opening tree and. In chess and chesslike games, the endgame or end game or ending is the stage of the game when few pieces are left on the board. The line between middlegame and. Castling. A simultaneous move the only one in chess whereby king and rook move past each other. See page for details. Chaturanga. The earliest form of chess. Chess is a twoplayer strategy board game played on a chessboard, a checkered gameboard with 64 squares arranged in an 88 grid. The game is played by millions of. English language English language, a West Germanic language of the IndoEuropean language family that has become the worlds lingua franca. Britannica Lists Quizzes. Ball Handling Program there. The chief differences between RP, as defined above, and a variety of American English, such as Inland Northern the speech form of western New England and its derivatives, often popularly referred to as General American, are in the pronunciation of certain individual vowels and diphthongs. Inland Northern American vowels sometimes have semiconsonantal final glides i. Encyclopedia Of Chess Endings' title='Encyclopedia Of Chess Endings' />Aside from the final glides, that American accent shows four divergences from British English 1 the words cod, box, dock, hot, and not are pronounced with a short or half long low front sound as in British bard shortened the terms front, back, low, and high refer to the position of the tongue 2 words such as bud, but, cut, and rung are pronounced with a central vowel as in the unstressed final syllable of sofa 3 before the fricative sounds s, f, and the last of these is the th sound in thin the long low back vowel a, as in British bath, is pronounced as a short front vowel a, as in British bad 4 high back vowels following the alveolar sounds t and d and the nasal sound n in words such as tulips, dew, and news are pronounced without a glide as in British English indeed, the words sound like the British two lips, do, and nooze in snooze. In several American accents, however, these glides do occur. The 2. Chess links Impressum alle Texte Fotos Dr. Hilmar Ebert. Hilmar Ebert hechess four men only 1,100 Games, 19841998 Click. We are an online chess community where you can learn strategies, tactics, endings, read chess news in our forum, see book reviews, find rules, tips, get free. What is Chessgames. Is Chessgames. com free Who is Chessgames. How do I find a chess game I want to play chess What are the rules of chessThese remain fairly stable, but Inland Northern American differs from RP in two respects 1 r following vowels is preserved in words such as door, flower, and harmony, whereas it is lost in RP 2 t between vowels is voiced, so that metal and matter sound very much like British medal and madder, although the pronunciation of this t is softer and less aspirated, or breathy, than the d of British English. Like Russian, English is a strongly stressed language. Four degrees of accentuation may be differentiated primary, secondary, tertiary, and weak, which may be indicated, respectively, by acute, circumflex, and grave accent marks and by the breve. Thus, Tll m th trth the whole truth, and nothing but the truth may be contrasted with Tll m th trth whatever you may tell other people blck brd any bird black in colour may be contrasted with blckbrd that particular bird Turdus merula. The verbs permt and recrd henceforth only primary stresses are marked may be contrasted with their corresponding nouns prmit and rcord. Rook-ending-image1-659x370.jpg' alt='Encyclopedia Of Chess Endings' title='Encyclopedia Of Chess Endings' />A feeling for antepenultimate third syllable from the end primary stress, revealed in such five syllable words as equanmity, longitdinal, notorety, opportnity, parsimnious, pertincity, and vegetrian, causes stress to shift when extra syllables are added, as in histrical, a derivative of hstory and theatriclity, a derivative of thetrical. Vowel qualities are also changed here and in such word groups as priod, peridical, periodcity phtograph, photgraphy, photogrphable. French stress may be sustained in many borrowed words e. Pitch, or musical tone, determined chiefly by the rate of vibration of the vocal cords, may be level, falling, rising, or fallingrising. In counting one, two, three, four, one naturally gives level pitch to each of these cardinal numerals. But if people say I want two, not one, they naturally give two a falling tone and one a fallingrising tone. In the question One Word tone is called accent, and sentence tone is referred to as intonation. The end of sentence cadence is important for expressing differences in meaning. Several end of sentence intonations are possible, but three are especially common falling, rising, and fallingrising. Falling intonation is used in completed statements, direct commands, and sometimes in general questions unanswerable by yes or no e. I have nothing to add keep to the right who told you that. Rising intonation is frequently used in open ended statements made with some reservation, in polite requests, and in particular questions answerable by yes or no e. I have nothing more to say at the moment let me know how you get on are you sure. The third type of end of sentence intonation, first falling and then rising pitch, is used in sentences that imply concessions or contrasts e. I didnt warn you because that is just what Im now doing. Intonation is on the whole less singsong in American than in British English, and there is a narrower range of pitch. Everywhere English is spoken, regional accents display distinctive patterns of intonation. Morphology. Inflection. Modern English nouns, pronouns, adjectives, and verbs are inflected. Adverbs, prepositions, conjunctions, and interjections are invariable. Ea Mod Ea Modifier more. Most English nouns have plural inflection in es, but that form shows variations in pronunciation in the words cats with a final s sound, dogs with a final z sound, and horses with a final iz sound, as also in the 3rd person singular present tense forms of verbs cuts s, jogs z, and forces iz. Seven nouns have mutated umlauted plurals man, men woman, women tooth, teeth foot, feet goose, geese mouse, mice louse, lice. Three have plurals in en ox, oxen child, children brother, brethren. Some remain unchanged e. Five of the seven personal pronouns have distinctive forms for subject and object e. Adjectives have distinctive endings for comparison e. The forms of verbs are not complex. Only the substantive verb to be has eight forms be, am, is, are, was, were, being, been. Strong verbs have five forms ride, rides, rode, riding, ridden. Regular or weak verbs customarily have four walk, walks, walked, walking. Some that end in t or d have three forms only cut, cuts, cutting. In addition to the above inflections, English employs two other main morphological structural processesaffixation and compositionand two subsidiary onesback formation and blend. Affixation. Affixes, word elements attached to words, may either precede, as prefixes do, undo way, subway, or follow, as suffixes do, doer way, wayward. They may be native overdo, waywardness, Greek hyperbole, thesis, or Latin supersede, pediment. Modern technologists greatly favour the neo Hellenic prefixes macro long, large, micro small, para alongside, poly many, and the Latin mini small, with its antonym maxi. The early Internet era popularized cyber of computers or computer networks and mega vast. Greek and Latin affixes have become so fully acclimatized that they can occur together in one and the same word, as, indeed, in ac climat ize d, just used, consisting of a Latin prefix plus a Greek stem plus a Greek suffix plus an English inflection. Suffixes are bound more closely than prefixes to the stems or root elements of words.